For a first time visitor there are a few absolutely essential things to do in Prague.
In our minds Prague is among the very most spectacular cities in the world. We have seen many a city, and few of them have left as large an impact on us as the City of 100 Spires.
While most people associate Prague with stunning views of Prague Castle beautiful architecture is not the only thing the capital of the Czech Republic offers. Prague possesses a wildly eclectic mix of history, culture, ambiance, nightlife, beauty (both man-made and natural) and affordability that sets it apart from any other city we have ever spent a substantial amount of time in. Lovers of amazing architecture, historical ambiance, and incredible Gothic skylines will fall in love, and find countless of things to do in Prague.
But that’s not all this city has to offer…
We have spent a good deal of time in Prague over the last 5 years, living in many apartments and neighbors around the city during that time. However, we were once first time visitors to Prague, like you will be, and we distinctly remember how that felt. It was like stepping into a fairy tale, a Disney Land for grownups, almost. We were a bit lost at first, and drawn towards only the most touristic parts of the city. Which was great, but it was also a bit of mistake.
Prague offers a new tourist a lot more than first might meet the eye, and after you see the spectacular beauty of the center, we highly urge you to explore a bit beyond the small area on your tourist map.
With that in mind we put together a bit of a list, not ranked in any particular order, of top things to do in Prague for a first time visitor. Every single item on this list is either free or as close to free as you can get. Everything on this list should be done at least once. Bear in mind that some of these locations and activities are rather obvious, and will be crowded with tourists pretty much year round.
If you aren’t sure what time of year to visit check out our guide on which season to visit Prague and the Czech Republic.
For help budgeting and planning your trip, for information on how to get around the city, or for tips on when to visit Prague check out our Prague Travel Guide for this amazing city.
If you are looking for an apartment, hostel, or a hotel in Prague, check out our articles on the following –
Now without further ado, things to do in Prague for you, a first time visitor!
Things to Do in Prague
Walk Across Charles Bridge
When we think of things to do in Prague one of the first activities that comes to mind is taking in the views from the Charles Bridge. This is an unforgettable experience that will doubtlessly stay with you for years to come.
Walking across the Charles Bridge is an absolute must for first time visitors of the city. Yes the bridge will be crowded with other tourists, but so what? We lived in Prague for many months and visited the bridge countless amounts of times, never getting sick of the views. And neither will you!
The famous Charles Bridge spans the Vltava river and connects Old Prague Center to Mala Strana. The bridge is protected by imposing three Gothic towers and is home to thirty Baroque-style statues and statuaries.
The Charles Bridge is remarkable both day and night, and draws a large amount of tourists and merchants in all but the quietest hours of dark. Make sure you enter and climb the Old Town Tower Bridge for amazing landscapes, like the one above.
Stroll across the Charles Bridge during the day to take in the views, and return at night for the magical atmosphere, musical performances, and the sight of Prague Castle shining brightly against the nighttime sky. You’ll understand, when standing upon the bridge at night, why we refer to Prague as a Disneyland for grownups.
Thing to do in Prague – Explore Prague Castle
Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world, and is perhaps the most renown of all of the city’s many landmarks.
Set atop a hilly vantage point overlooking the Vltava River, the castle is a staggering work of architectural design. Its twin spire church, St. Vitus Cathedral, is especially impressive. Sporting an abundance of arches, gargoyles, and massive Gothic spires that soar into the sky the cathedral IS what everyone pictures when they think of Prague castle.
The park around the castle is peaceful, green, and well kempt. A walk amidst the leafy pathways while marveling upwards at the castle on a sunny day makes for an unforgettable experience.
If it is your first time visiting Prague then you will, doubtlessly, be spending a lot of time in the vicinity of Prague Castle.
Take a Step Back in Time in Malá Strana
After you are done exploring Prague Castle take a walk down the hill to the Mala Strana neighborhood. Marvel at the historic cobble stoned streets and the spectacular facades of the centuries old buildings.
No matter what season you visit the city walking this neighborhood is one of the top things to do in Prague, so you are likely to run into many tourists on the main streets of Mala Strana.
Don’t be afraid to jump off the main thoroughfares to turn into a side street and follow your curiosity. There is much to be discovered in this gorgeous neighborhood beyond overpriced food and cheap souvenirs.
Things to Do in Prague – Old Town Square
Prague’s Old Town Square is one of the most spectacular squares in Europe (it’s probably also one of the few that are actually shaped like a square, but that’s neither here nor there).
The square has seen centuries of history with some of it’s Gothic buildings dating back to the 14th century.
The Old Town Hall Tower, constructed in the early 1400’s, sits imposingly in the middle of the square. The tower is among the highest in the Old Town and houses one of Prague’s most identifiable icons, the Astronomical Clock.
Dozens of tourists flock to the clock every hour on the hour to see the mechanical relic put on a small show. We can honestly say that sticking around for the dancing mechanical dolls is not really worth your time, if you are in a rush to discover the city, but it’s an amusing sight to see once in your life.
You can ascend to the top of the Old Town Hall tower for around $5 USD. It’s worth every penny, so make sure you do so. There are elevators for those who have a time time climbing stairs and the views from atop are SPECTACULAR. You’ll get a really good look at Our Lady Before Tyn Church (pictured above) and the rest of the Prague’s magnificent Old Town in all directions.
Absolutely a can’t miss item to put on your things to do in Prague list.
During high season and the winter holidays the square is crowded and festive, catering mostly to tourists. If you’re traveling on a budget in Prague, don’t eat here as the restaurants are predictably over priced. Instead sip on a beverage purchased elsewhere, and take in the incredible architecture and ambiance of the city center.
If you are visiting in the winter months be sure to pick up a cup of mulled hot wine from the vendors around the square. It’ll warm you right up!
Check out our article on 14 essential places to visit in Prague for some more tips on where you need to go when exploring Prague for the first time!
Things to Do in Prague – Stroll Around Wallenstein Garden
Wallenstein Garden (Valdštejnská jízdárna in Czech) is a fabulous Baroque masterpiece situated near the base of Prague Castle. It is not the most secluded and serene of the many gardens and parks in the neighborhood, but it’s one of the more stunning. Worth visiting for the views of Prague Castle alone, the park is home to Wallenstein Palace, a serene Koi pond, and some sweet statues.
And oh yeah, a white peacock or two. As always, please don’t feed or touch the animals, and enjoy the incredible beauty of this wondrous garden!
Things to Do in Prague – Have a Beer. Or Three. Or Five.
The Czech Republic has the highest per capita consumption of beer in the world. The country has an absolute love affair with beer. And why not? They make damn fine brews.
Prague offers so many opportunities to sit down and have a cheap cold pivo (Czech for beer) that anyone visiting would be remiss not to try at least a pint. Find yourself a nice spot with a good view, either by the river or in a square somewhere and order one of Prague’s many world renown beers.
Regardless of where you consume your beverages drinking beer is definitely on the list of things to do in Prague. Na Zdravi (that’s how you say cheers in Czech)!
Check out our list of the best places to drink delicious beer in Prague, and create your own beer tour of the City of 100 Spires!
Things to Do in Prague – Hop on a Tram and Riiiide
Prague has an excellent system of public transportation, using trams, metro, and buses that make getting around the city super easy. The best way to see parts of Prague you might otherwise miss is to hop on a tram and just ride it out in any direction.
Prague’s network of trams is the third largest in the world, following Moscow and Budapest, and is one of the oldest in Europe. In fact, the very first trams were pulled by horses and date back to the year 1879. Today, the extensive network consists of 25 daytime routes, 9 night routes and one historic route. It also stretches over 500 km, and transports over 300 million passengers per year.
We recommend riding a random tram if you are up for an adventure, and people watch as the cityscape slowly passes by. Alternatively, if adventure isn’t your thing, we recommend riding either the historic 91 or 23 trams. These old school trams take you through some of Prague’s most important landmarks.
A Night Out in Prague
Bars, cafes, lounges, beer gardens, jazz bars, pub crawls, dance clubs, underground clubs, casinos, strip clubs…Prague has ever singly type of venue you can think of when it comes to nighttime entertainment.
As a first time visitor you probably won’t venture outside of the Center much, but trust us when we tell you that Prague’s nightlife extends well beyond the confines of Prague 1.
When in the center start off with a beer or mixed drinks at Chapeau Rouge (pictured above), which is a famous three floored bar/club/underground music venue right near Old Town Square.
Or check out U Vejvodu Pub & Beer Hall Restaurant. It’s got a great relaxed atmosphere, you can get a pint of Pilsner for under $1.70, there are always pretzels on the table, and the bartenders seem like they’ve been around for ages.
Most clubs don’t start going till about 1:00 AM, but if you get there before midnight there is rarely a cover charge. Let loose…just leave your valuables locked up in your hostel/hotel/rental apartment.
We have experienced absolutely zero crime during our time in Prague. However, as with any other location, pick-pocketing and petty theft does occur, so use common sense whilst enjoying your night out.
For more information check out our guide to Prague nightlife, which includes the best bars and clubs in Prague!
Letna Park River Views
Like a delicious pastry (which the city is full of), Prague is easy on the eyes and leaves you wanting more. Head to Letenske Sady (Letna Park) for a unique view of the River Vltava and all of its bridges.
Perched above the city on a hilltop in a tranquil park you can snap as many incredible pictures of Prague as your heart desires. Just be sure to go when the weather is nice to capture the city in all of its glory.
For more incredible views of Prague head to Petrin Hill, or if it’s a nice day take a trip to Riegrovy Sady to catch views like the one above.
Bonus Tip – There is an awesome beer garden in Riegrovy Sady that is open from April to mid-October. We have spent many an evening there, and absolutely love it.
International and Vegan Cuisine in Prague
Prague seemingly never stops giving and it’s certainly the case when it comes to food. Not only do you have countless options when it comes to Czech delicacies, the city also offers a surprising abundance of international cuisine. From Thai, Vietnamese, Chinese, Japanese, fusion, Italian, and Spanish, you never have to look to long to satiate whatever ethnic culinary craving you might have.
Arts and Culture in Prague
What kind of art are you interested in? Whatever the answer, Prague probably has a museum devoted to it. Click here for a detailed list of museums, their hours, and prices.
From a museum devoted to the history of the city, to sculpture, contemporary art, classical, textiles, to museums devoted to time-measuring techniques, transportation and photography, to sex and torture, there is something for everyone.
The streets of Prague are filled with sculptures and art installations that are, of course, free. Our favorites include a giant stainless steel sculpture of a pregnant lady kneeling in Hlavni Mesto, the alien babies crawling up and down the TV Tower, the Memorial to the Victims of Communism at the base of Petřín Hill, and the giant transforming Franz Kafka head seen in the below video.
Additionally, Prague has a National Theater, Ballet house and Opera house. Whatever your cultural desire may be you’ll be able to satisfy it here. It’s safe to say that lovers of cultural exploration will find a ton of things to do in Prague.
Things to Do in Prague – Visit Karlstejn Castle
Prague was the capital of the Holy Roman Empire not once but twice, from 1346 to 1437 and then again in the late 15th century. Karlstejn Castle was initially built to house and guard the Crown Jewels of the Empire. A great little day trip outside of Prague, this magnificent castle is a a mere 40 minute train ride away.
A round trip ticket should cost you 99cz and trains depart just about every 30 minutes. Keep your eyes open on the train, the Czech Republic has some gorgeous country side to gaze at as you zoom by.
Read our detailed article for much more information about taking a day trip from Prague to Karlstejn.
Things to Do in Prague – The John Lennon Wall
Right across the river, via the Charles Bridge, behind a small church courtyard lies the John Lennon Wall. This dazzling vibrant homage to the famous poet, singer, and song writer is a living art project. Go and pay tribute, and maybe leave a mark of your own. Drawing on the wall is encouraged.
After you are done you can cross the small bridge near the wall to have a snack at the Beetles Cafe. It’s a bit overpriced but contains many riveting pieces of memorabilia bound to delight fans.
Take a Unique Tour of Prague
You can spend years living in Prague and not learn all of its little secrets. So, unless you choose to move to the Czech Republic and begin your in-depth exploration of Prague, we suggest taking a highly specialized tour with our favorite Czech owned and operated tour company ThinkPrague.
ThinkPrague offers both traditional historic tours and unique tours. We recommend you have a look at their excellent Street Vibes tour which focuses on the Prague’s unique modern art, design, and gastronomy. All tours are lead by enthusiastic and knowledgeable locals and are private so you’ll have the full attention of your guide.
Click here to read more about ThinkPrague’s tours.
Day Trips from Prague
There are a TON of things to do in Prague. However, if you are in town for longer than a few days we highly recommend you take some time to see a bit of the Czech Republic outside of its capital.
There are many places to go, like the fairy tale town of Cesky Krumlov pictures above, so we wrote this handy guide detailing a bunch of different day trips from Prague just for you guys! We really hope you enjoy your time in this wondrous city, and hope you find some time to explore the rest of the country as well.
You can also take day trips from Prague to explore 11 of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites you can find in the Czech Republic. Read the linked article for much more information!
Things to Do in Prague – Get Off the Beaten Path
Exploring outside of traditional tourist zones can be a challenge when you visit a city for the first time. Thankfully Prague has a great public transportation system of trams, metros, and buses to make getting around the city very easy.
Now all you need is a list of places to go, and some wanderlusting feet to take you there. No worries, we’ve got you covered on the first part. Check out our article about getting off the beaten path in Prague and explore the Prague that most tourists never get to see!
For a more specific dive into the lesser seen (by tourists) areas of Prague you can check out our guide to Zizkov, one of our favorite neighborhoods in Prague. How much do we like Zizkov? Enough to live here for over a year!
Where to Stay in Prague
Prague offers a huge amount of accommodation options, from luxury hotels to budget hostels. Sorting through all the options can be quite a chose so here are two quick options, depending on your travel budget. We put some options down below for you guys, but if you want more options you can have a look at our complete guide to where to stay in Prague depending on your budget.
Luxury Hotel in Prague – The Alchymist Grand Hotel & Spa Prague
The Alchymist Grand Hotel and Spa is one of the best luxury hotels in Prague, and will definitely make your stay in this magical city that little bit more special! Ideally located in the centre of Prague, it takes the hassle out of getting around the city. In just 5 minutes you can reach Charles Bridge on foot! This charming and luxurious 5 star hotel is situated in a landmark baroque building which dates back to the 16th century.
Boutique Hotel in Prague – Vintage Design Hotel Sax
Located a short five minute walk from Prague Castle, Vintage Design Hotel Sax is one of the best hotels in Prague due to its fantastic location in the historic centre, and its great atmosphere. The Charles Bridge is only a 10 minute walk away, and many of Prague’s top attractions are easily accessible with the metro.
Want more options? Check out our guide to the best boutique hotels in Prague!
Budget Hostel in Prague – Czech Inn
From the moment you set foot inside the Czech Inn you’ll appreciate its beautiful and unique decor. The bright splashes of color against muted tones, the perfectly balanced mixed of modern and vintage furniture, and the odd baubles throughout the building, go a long way to making this one of the most visually attractive hostels we have ever visited.
Czech Inn is located in Prague 2, just a few minutes by tram from Namesti Miru, and is a great choice of hostel for budget travelers and backpackers.
Want more options? Check out our guide to the best hostels in Prague!
That does it for this article guys. Please let us know if you have visited Prague and think we missed something that should absolutely be on our list of things to do!
As always, safe travels and we’ll see you on the road! Or in Prague, so feel free to drop us a line either via email or on our Facebook page, to let us know you are coming!
Disclaimer – We have included a few handy little affiliate links in case any of our readers want to book accommodations. We receive a small commission for any sales made, without any additional cost to you, our dear reader.